CURRENT STATE OF OCCUPATIONAL THERAPY IN UKRAINE

  • L. P. Fedorivska Ivano-Frankivsk National Medical University, Department of Physical Rehabilitation, Ergotherapy with a course of physical education, Ivano-Frankivsk City, Ukraine https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3911-0106
  • I. K. Churpiy Ivano-Frankivsk National Medical University, Department of Physical Rehabilitation, Ergotherapy with a course of physical education, Ivano-Frankivsk City, Ukraine https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1735-9418
  • N. R. Golod Ivano-Frankivsk National Medical University, Department of Physical Rehabilitation, Ergotherapy with a course of physical education, Ivano-Frankivsk City, Ukraine https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0996-6920
  • O. V. Yaniv Ivano-Frankivsk National Medical University, Department of Physical Rehabilitation, Ergotherapy with a course of physical education, Ivano-Frankivsk City, Ukraine https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0921-3304
  • M. I. Kravchuk Ivano-Frankivsk National Medical University, Department of Physical Rehabilitation, Ergotherapy with a course of physical education, Ivano-Frankivsk City, Ukraine https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9415-8201
Ключові слова: occupational therapy, rehabilitation, health, client/patient

Анотація

The history of the development of occupational therapy from the beginning of its establishment due to changes in different views of the formation of the essence of occupational therapy intervention is considered in the article. However, mostly occupational therapy as a separate specialty was formed after the Second World War, when society faced the problem of a large number of young people who became disabled as a result of hostilities, and the urgent need for their rehabilitation. These people needed to be re-taught both self-care and social adaptation, as such people often developed depression, which complicated not only the possibility of their recovery, but also the lives of relatives and friends of such patients. In 1952, the World Organization of Occupational Therapists was established, and in 2016 its members became representatives of 92 countries. There is a wide network of centers and a large number of occupational therapists in Western Europe, the United States and Canada. In Ukraine, occupational therapy as a separate specialty appeared at the beginning of the XXI century, as a separate specialty "physical therapy and occupational therapy" in Ukraine registered since 2015, the first master's program for students majoring in "occupational therapy" in Ukraine introduced at the Ukrainian Catholic University, later the training of occupational therapists began in other Ukrainian universities, including Ivano-Frankivsk National Medical University and the National Medical University named after Bogomolets. The Ministry of Health of Ukraine also recommended to involve students majoring in "Physical Rehabilitation" and "Physical Therapy, Occupational Therapy" in the practice of hospitals in Ukraine. Modern views on occupational therapy are based on a scientifically sound level and cover the main areas of human life: "man, environment, occupation." Training of occupational therapists in Ukraine should be carried out taking into account all requirements and standards, this will promote the formation of highly qualified specialists, and practical experience and research in this field will in the future develop occupational therapy at a professional level.

Occupational therapy techniques in habilitation and rehabilitation - is the development, restoration and maintenance of functional capabilities of the child, which are necessary to perform important actions. Occupational therapy is used in various spheres of human life and is an important part of modern rehabilitation programs. The history of occupational therapy is a constant change in the system of views on the essence of occupational therapy, which goes hand in hand with scientific and technological progress, social events and the challenges they cause. The modern development of occupational therapy is important, scientifically sound, based on evidence-based practice, and covers the main areas of human life - Man-environment, occupation. Training of occupational therapists in Ukraine should be carried out taking into account all the characteristics of modern occupational therapy, which will promote the formation of highly professional specialists, and the accumulated experience of practical and scientific activities in this field of knowledge in the future will certainly enrich world science.

Опубліковано
2022-04-09
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