PSYCHOLOGICAL AND PEDAGOGICAL ASPECTS OF EDUCATION IN MEDICAL UNIVERSITY STUDENTS WITH ENGLISH LANGUAGE OF TEACHING
The results of own research are cosidered, the purpose of which is the analysis of psychological, methodical and qualitative indicators of academic education, definition of the basic problems of training of foreigners and resources in increase of its efficiency at studying of "Internal medicine".
Research methods. Theoretical: analysis, synthesis, generalization of theoretical developments on the researched problem; empirical: sample screening study by anonymous author's questionnaire. A sample of empirical research conducted in 2018−2019, amounted to 82 5th and 6th year students. The motivational, psychological, moral and ethical, communication, educational and methodological component, the level of self-organization in learning, self-assessment of knowledge from the standpoint of the student are analyzed. The questionnaire consisted of 22 questions, including 7 open. The motivation to join IFNMU in 65% was their own desire, in 13% it was decided by parents, in 15.8% they used the recommendations of friends who studied here before. 59% of respondents believed they had a sufficient basic level of knowledge. 9% had a low basic level of knowledge, 11% had thought that basic knowledge did not matter. Most English-speaking students are motivated to learn, know their potential, goals and critically evaluate the achieved results. For them, the practical orientation in mastering medicine is valuable, they need additional explanations, discussions and honing of practical skills. The main source of information for preparation for classes in 46.34% was the Internet content, the lecture is important only for 35.3% of respondents, unfortunately only 2.4% of respondents study by working on textbooks. 9.7% of students answered that the translation of the topic by a colleague is sufficient for learning, and 6.09% honestly admitted that they do not prepare for classes at all. For for the third part the psychological climate in the classroom, the professionalism of the teacher and his friendly demanding attitude are paramount. More than half regret that they do not speak Ukrainian well enough, which limits their ability to work with patients in practice. Creating Ukrainian-English professional phrase dictionaries, involving individual students in cooperation with medical practitioners can minimize this problem. Respondents admitted that 12% of students in 5-6 years of study are not focused and motivated by the educational process of learning in medical health care, do not have self-organization skills and are irresponsible. Obstacles in the learning process are the following:
65.85% believe in the language barrier, so 46.34% of the surveys would like to continue studying the professional Ukrainian language in the 5th-6th year;
65% want to work in hospitals;
34.14% have psychological barriers in communicating with the teacher;
12.5% noted their own low level of English language proficiency;
12.19% noted that are lazy - "I can not force myself to learn";
89% of respondents were in favor of cyclical teaching of subjects.
However, even with an insufficient level of English language proficiency, and with a low level of basic knowledge, it is possible to achieve a medium and even high level of professional knowledge. Motivation, persistence and active interaction with the teacher are decisive and even sufficient basic training and incoming high competencies in English-speaking communication with low motivation will not bring success in learning.
Conclusions. The results of the research are taken into account by the staff of our department, a number of innovations were introduced in 2020-2021. IFNMU has the potential and opportunities to develop the education of foreign citizens at a high competitive level.
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