BASIC PRINCIPLES AND EVALUATION SYSTEM OF STUDENT ACHIEVEMENTS IN THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE COMPETENCY-BASED APPROACH IN THE EDUCATIONAL PROCESS
The article represents an analysis of the basic principles and systems of assessment of student knowledge in the implementation of the competency-based approach in the educational process. The knowledge assessment system has an important role in providing a high quality of education and the formation of competitive professionals.
The main functions of assessing student achievement are educational (provision of education), diagnostic, differentiating, stimulative, educative, developmental, prognostic, methodological, operating, corrective and ascertaining. When assessing students' academic achievements, the characteristics of the answer, the quality of knowledge, the formation of general and subject skills, the level of mastery of mental operations, creative experience and self-esteem should be taken into account. Assessment of student achievement should be objective, substantial, systematic, individual, comprehensive and professional. Modern teaching methods involve the experience of other countries and require the teacher to be familiar with the forms and methods of assessment, which not only provide the teacher with information about formal compliance with certain requirements for mastering the discipline but also act as a means of teaching and student development. Nowadays, the educational process requires learning to work with summative and formative assessment, to determine their features, principles, role and place in the educational process and to use the proposed or create their own algorithms for their organization and implementation.
Sociological surveys of students and graduates should be conducted to take into account the views of students on the quality and objectivity of the assessment system.
Thus, the analysis of the basic principles and system of assessment of student achievement allowed outlining the following:
- Introduction of adequate assessment methods will allow the implementation of various innovative forms and methods of teaching in educational activities and will improve the quality of student learning;
- quality control of the level of knowledge, skills and abilities of students should be ensured by compliance with the requirements, principles and algorithms of new forms of assessment of student achievement, which will increase the efficiency of the educational process;
- the use of comprehensive assessment of academic achievement through a competency-based approach will encourage students to educational and cognitive activities, increase student responsibility for learning outcomes, promote the implementation of the principle of individualization of learning;
- assessment of student achievement is an urgent problem and requires not only further research, improvement, understanding, but also the possession of research and teaching staff appropriate competencies for its implementation in the educational process.
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