PRINCIPLES OF FORMING DEONTOLOGICAL READINESS OF SPECIALISTS IN PHYSICAL THERAPY, ERGOTHERAPY FOR PROFESSIONAL ACTIVITIES
The work of specialists in physical therapy, ergotherapy involves professional and communicative interaction between members of a multidisciplinary team, managers, patients / clients and their families or guardians, where knowledge of the legal framework of moral and ethical and legal norms of conduct and duty, their understanding, acceptance and adherence to professional functions plays a leading role. At the same time, in the list of subjects defined by the standard of professional training of these specialists, there are no key disciplines aimed at the formation of deontological knowledge and abilities of students. That is why considerable attention should be paid to the quality of professional training of these specialists in the direction of forming knowledge and skills for building professional relations in the system «man - man» in accordance with the relevant moral and ethical norms and rules of conduct. Optimization of professional training in this direction is done by improving the educational process (system of forms, methods, etc.), where the leading role belongs to didactic principles.
The aim of the research: to determine and theoretically substantiate the specific principles of deontological training of future specialists in physical therapy, ergotherapy in the educational process.
The purpose of the research: definition and theoretical justification of deontological training of future specialists in physical therapy, ergotherapy in the educational process.
Materials and methods: theoretical methods: analysis, generalization and systematization of psychological-pedagogical, specialized scientific-methodical literature and normative-legal base in the direction of professional training and peculiarities of labor activity of physical therapists, ergotherapists; terminological analysis to determine the content and essence of the basic concepts of the chosen direction of research.
In the course of terminological analysis it was determined that deontological training is a dynamic process of acquiring valuable professional orientations by a future specialist, mastering universal and proper professional moral and ethical norms and principles of behavior and their observance; development of social and business qualities of the person, and also professional and communicative skills for successful implementation of labor activity. Analyzing the legal documentation and taking into account the specifics of professional activities, we identified key components of deontological training of specialists in physical therapy, ergotherapy, in particular: understanding and acceptance of life and health of patients / clients as the highest social and individual value and awareness of responsibility for their lives; health, professional decisions and professional behavior; assimilation of universal and professional moral and ethical norms, principles of behavior and their observance during practical activities; formation of communicative experience for building a productive dialogue in various professional situations, acquiring skills of communicative behavior; development of personal and business qualities (qualities of a physiotherapist). Deontological training of specialists in physical therapy, ergotherapy is through a system of didactic principles that are aimed at the educational process for the formation of deontological knowledge and skills for professional activity in accordance with the moral and ethical code. Leading among them we consider: the principle of social conditionality, the principle of humanization, the principle of strength of knowledge acquisition, the principle of practical orientation of learning, the principle of situationality.
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