MANAGEMENT OF EDUCATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS: LAWS, PRINCIPLES, RULES
Laws of management are the basis for the creation and operation of educational organizations. Laws fix the unity and commonality of phenomena. The laws of management are objective. Their action is manifested only in human activity. The laws of management do not deny the nature and objective nature of economic laws. An educational organization as a group of people working together to achieve common goals is an economic category. Therefore, there is a need to use economic laws, due to the objective nature of their effect on the conditions of human activity or production team. The laws of educational management also have economic meaning. The effect of economic laws is expressed in the essential aspects of management relations. Economic laws affect the formation of the mechanism and methods of management, as well as the outcome of the educational organization. The current level of management development shows that considering only economic laws in management is not enough for the effective work of the educational organization.
Educational management must meet the requirements of objective laws. The process of complying with the requirements of the law is carried out through an understanding of the objectivity of the law and the creative activity of the leadership and managers of the educational organization. Each law has its own forms of influence on the educational organization. Thus, the law of common goals is manifested in the need to define a common goal (mission) and the formation of a system of goals of each element and the educational organization. The law of division of labor determines the need for the allocation of functions, functional areas of activity and management processes. The law of external complement forces the head of the organization to remember the factors of the external environment and respond to their influence. This law dictates the conditions in which the organization must operate. The success of an educational organization is determined not by its internal conditions, but by how well it can adapt to its external environment. Under this law, the leadership of the educational organization must recognize in time the threats posed by the external environment and seek the maximum benefit from the opportunities it provides. The law of inertia is manifested in the relations formed by direct and feedback, as well as the criteria of flexibility and adaptability. The law of saving time is manifested mostly in such forms as labor productivity, the system of norms and standards, the use of means of labor. The production, technological, managerial, information structure of the educational organization, as well as the economic levers of its functioning are used as a mechanism for implementing the laws.
One of the most important things to keep in mind when it comes to governance is that human action is subject to general principles. A principle is a general norm, a rule that is shared and recognized by all people or individual groups of people. The management of educational organizations rarely deals with a limited set of principles. It deals with a set of interdependent principles. Management is an applied science. Therefore, it should be based not only on general laws, but also on their own principles, which express the specifics of the science of management. Management principles are derived from general laws and reflect the relationships formed in the organization, according to which the management system should be formed, function and develop.
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