MANAGEMENT OF THE PRACTICAL CLASS "HISTORY OF THE DISEASE DEFENCE" IN THE COURSE OF THE CHILDREN THERAPEUTIC DENTISTRY SUBJECT UNDER THE CONDITIONS OF DISTANCE LEARNING
In medical science, the complete replacement of traditional educational technology with new ones is, of course, impossible, because no new technology will replace the experience of communication between a doctor and a patient. However, we can use the time spent on students' self-isolation to study theoretical issues, analyze the results of additional research methods (for example, analysis of radiographs in dentistry), view photos of clinical cases from atlases, textbooks or clinical research articles, watch films about the process of implementing algorithms of practical skills, as well as, of course, to perform independent extracurricular work of students. Thus, the need to be directly in the classroom disappears, and the learning process can be carried out remotely.
There is an active search for opportunities to improve the quality of educational and methodological work to train a qualified specialist in the field of dentistry at the Department of Pediatric Dentistry of Ivano-Frankivsk National Medical University. With this aim the department staff has developed a method of defending the medical history of a virtual patient, according to which we propose to conduct a practical lesson on the medical history defense as a game in the form of a conference. During the lesson, each student has the opportunity to try himself/herself as a speaker and as an active participant. In the 2020-2021 and 2021-2022 academic years under the conditions of COVID-19 pandemic, training is conducted remotely on the Teams platform or in mixed form. Thus, there is a need to develop new approaches to the educational process. The teacher gives the students topics in advance to write a medical history. To prepare the work, students are recommended to use additional scientific sources and sources of the Internet. Students prepare a medical history in electronic form, following the scheme of writing a medical history, which can be found on the website of the department. Ready-made medical histories should be sent to the teacher on the university e-mail address or in the chat of the Teams platform. Prior to the first practical lesson «Defense of medical history», the teacher must comment on the students’ work to give grades for their writing. During this online lesson, the teacher announces to each student the suggestions for improving the medical history writing to be able to correct mistakes and refine the work if necessary for the oral part of the defense. The next class is actually performed in the form of an online conference, moderated by a teacher. As a result, the topic of the practical lesson «Defense of medical history» is given two marks: the first – for writing the paper, and the second – for its presentation and student participation in the conference, according to the scale of writing and defense of medical history. The proposed method of conducting a practical lesson «Defense of medical history» in pediatric therapeutic dentistry in the format of distance learning as an online conference encourages students to be creative in studying this discipline. It helps to form clinical thinking, expands, deepens and systematizes the acquired knowledge, develops skills of professional communication, medical ethics and deontology, promotes mastering of computer technologies and crystallizes the future specialist, who is able to keep up with the requirements of time and scientific and technological progress.
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