THEORETICAL JUSTIFICATION OF MEANS OF PHYSICAL THERAPY OF PATIENTS WITH OSTEOCHONDROS OF THE LUMBAR SPINE
Osteochondrosis incidence statistics worldwide indicates that more people suffer from this disease 80% of the population. And more than half of these people unaware of his pathological condition because of the disease is in a latent period of its development. Due to the frequent duration of the disease in therapeutic, as well as a variety of therapeutic options, the treatment of lumbar vertebrae is a special challenge. Today, lumbar osteochondrosis is considered a serious disease that occurs in people of all ages and has a steady tendency to youth, more and more often the disease is diagnosed in people under 20 years of age. The basic treatment and the most widespread diseases on an osteochondrosis on department of a backbone are listed. Yes, according to the data statistics of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine, already in 2001 osteochondrosis spine was 2.91% of disability in diseases and injuries of the musculoskeletal system, and primary disability was 1.5 per 100 thousand population. Diagnosis and treatment of this severe form many scientific works are devoted to spinal lesions clinical, neurological and radiological orientation. The article analyzes the issue of the beneficial effects of physical therapy for patients with osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine. Osteochondrosis is a degenerative-dystrophic disease of the spinal discs of multifactorial origin, which subsequently provokes a change in the structure of the vertebrae and intervertebral discs, limiting their natural functionality. The vertebrae become less durable and more prone to injury, and the intervertebral discs lose some of their elasticity. This disease is characterized by dystrophy in the intervertebral discs. As you know, disks are designed to provide flexibility and mobility to our spine. When the disc becomes flat, depleted, then the vertebrae converge, compressing the vessels and nerve roots. Hence arise pain and swelling. This condition is accompanied by metabolic disorders in the soft tissues surrounding the spine. As a result of osteochondrosis, the risk of injuries and the emergence of serious diseases of the spine, in particular, protrusions and hernias of the intervertebral discs, Schmorl's hernia, scoliosis and others. Despite the fact that there are a huge number of methods for the treatment and rehabilitation of osteochondrosis of the spine, the spread of the disease both in Ukraine and in the world is constantly growing. Currently, the problem of prevention and treatment of these patients is one of the leaders in traumatology. Treatment of osteochondrosis is mainly carried out using conservative methods, which are aimed at eliminating pain, dysfunction of the spinal roots and preventing the progression of degenerative changes in the structure of the spine. Comprehensive conservative therapy includes: a regime of reducing the physical load on the spine, prosthetic and orthopedic devices, physiotherapy procedures and drugs aimed at muscle relaxation, elimination of edema and pain, as well as reflexology. Therapeutic exercise and massage also play an important role in complex treatment.
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