WORKSHOP MEDICAL PRACTICE IN OBSTETRICS AND GYNECOLOGY AS A MEANS OF IMPROVEMENT OF THE FUTURE SPECIALIST’S PROFESSIONAL COMPETENCE
The article highlights the main directions of students’ activities organization in the framework of the workshop medical practice in Obstetrics and Gynecology in order to form their professionalism. The effectiveness of practice and the resulting quality of professional activities of future professionals depend on the quality of this organization.
It is determined that the practice of students is an integral part of the educational-professional training program for specialists of all educational-qualification levels. It is an essential prerequisite for training of a highly qualified specialist for future work, ensuring his competitiveness and employment opportunities in the native and European labor markets. The quality of training of specialists in medical universities is directly dependent on the level of knowledge obtained in the process of theoretical training, professional skills and abilities received during the workshop medical practice at the clinical bases of the departments.
Modernization of the higher educational system emphasizes the role of independent students’ work, which contributes to the formation of professional competence, provides the process of developing skills of self-organization and self-control of their own activities. The application of knowledge in practice, contact with patients and the ability to perform manipulations form a sense of belonging to the professional community in the students; this increases their interest in learning theoretical material.
The topicality of this issue is obvious, as it is difficult to disagree with the fact that well-organized and effectively performed workshop medical practice in fourth and fifth year students is a prerequisite for successful training of doctors meeting modern requirements of national health care.
According to the program of industrial medical practice, the amount of practical skills a student has to master, will allow him to work at the appropriate professional level, regardless of the specialization, forming the basis of clinical thinking of future medical professionals.
The distribution of practical skills is carried out according to four content modules (internal medicine, surgery, pediatrics, Obstetrics and Gynecology). The content module – is a system of educational elements, combined on the basis of compliance with a certain educational object (part of the credit). During the content modules in Obstetrics and Gynecology, the student should master the following practical skills and abilities: a special obstetric-gynecological history taking; performance of a gynecological examination; interpretation of the results of laboratory, instrumental and endoscopic research methods of patients of the obstetric-gynecological profile; substantiation and formulation of clinical diagnosis; interpretation of general principles of treatment; emergency care in urgent situations in obstetric-gynecological practice; primary and secondary prevention of the female reproductive system diseases.
The close cooperation of practical health care doctors and teachers of medical universities plays a leading role in the preparation and adaptation of trainee students for further professional activity.
At the present stage of higher medical education functioning, the role of practical training of students in the development of their cognitive activity and professional competence is significantly increasing. Workshop medical practice of students is the first stage of their practical training for the profession. At this stage, the foundations of professional skills and abilities, attitude to the future activities are established. Students realize and evaluate the correctness of professional choice, determine the presence of the necessary abilities and qualities.
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