OPTIMIZATION OF TEACHING THE DISCIPLINE “MEDICAL PRACTICE IN FAMILY MEDICINE” AT THE FIFTH COURSE OF MEDICAL FACULTY OF IVANO-FRANKIVSK NATIONAL MEDICAL UNIVERSITY
This article shows details of educational program for 5-year students education in discipline “Medical practice in family medicine”. There are results for realisation of the competence-based approach in medical education with introduction of educational interactive technologies, new forms and methods of educational process. Described a role of Ivano-Frankivsk national medical university teaching-practical centre “Medicine” in improving teaching quality according to standards of Higher Education, regulation on the organization of the teaching and learning process, which promote qualitative mastery of knowledge to provide medical care.
In this article is shown, that the main question by realisation of modern education tendentious is qualitative training of healthcare professionals. Successful using of optimal model of combination by traditional and innovative educational methods is directed to professional skills assimilation by students, formation of clinical thinking and development of future doctors’ personality.This combination promotes the use of knowledge in medical practice, teaches the students to take new information adequately. The main factors influence on students’ interest are teacher’s effective work and skilful using of teaching technologies. Modern educational technologies give new opportunities, interest in studying, discipline. The main conception of practical classes is cooperation between the head of practice and students. Extra individual lessons can promote this.
5- year students study the discipline “Medical practice in family medicine” during the whole academic year, to get knowledge and skills in Department of General Medicine №2 and Nursing, Department of Surgery №2 and cardiac surgery, Department of Pediatry and Department of Midwifery and Gynaecology.
Mixed teaching model according to EURACT recommendations gives the best results. It provides a combination of individual work of future doctors with using electronic sources, media services and traditional work in auditoriums with interactive methods of teamwork.
The use of active teaching methods should be not a practical addition to theoretical questions, but other way round, starting point to help teachers and students during the studying – these are common actions to deal successful those or others questions. Specifics of medical speciality has influence on choice of different studying technologies in medical education where both theoretical and practical components are clearly noticeable. Among the most common objection to expediency using of different technologies in education one thesis need to be highlighted: it only can be defined by patient whether doctor has necessary knowledge, practice and skills. Nowadays teaching is based on creating “virtual patient”. Instead there are active technologies and teaching methods which allow us to teach specialists effectively. Practical skills improving takes place at clinical departments and teaching-practical centres.
Nowadays distance education helps students to develop such traits as independence, adaptability and responsibility, develops self-educational skills. All of these qualities are highly valued.
Consequently new discipline “Medical practice in family medicine” helps students to master and consolidate practical skills, make own decisions in diagnostics and treatment of patients, considering medical ethics rules.
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