FORENSIC-MEDICAL EVALUATION OF INJURIES RECEIVED DURING OPERATION OF PERSONAL MOBILITY DEVICES: THE STATE OF THE PROBLEM (REVIEW)
The article analyzes literature data on modern aspects of traffic injury. Some factor criteria for traffic injury are singled out and identified how they have changed with the modernization of modern vehicles. Тhe data concerning injuries associated with the use of modern personal mobility devices, such as kick-scooters, electric scooters, electric unicycles, electric hover boards, skateboards, roller skates and similar devices were analyzed. Prospects for studying this problem and its value for modern forensic traumatology are outlined. Traffic injury is one of the most common problems today, as it is one of the main causes of death of the young population and ranks first among the causes of death due to injury. In particular, on the territory of Ukraine, the number of killed in car accidents each year reaches 400,000. Тhis scientific research was carried out with the aim of conducting an analysis of literary assets on the problem of studying car injuries associated with the operation of modern electric means of personal mobility. Due to new technological features of modern vehicles, the appearance of new types of transportation facilities, such as kick-scooters, electric scooters, electric unicycles, electric hover boards, skateboards, roller skates and similar devices, except for traditional issues, answers to which are widely covered in the fundamental works of the last century, new questions are posed to the experts, conditioned new, previously undescribed signs of traffic injury the requirements to the level of the scientific validity of the expert's conclusions are growing, which require appropriate methods of expert research. However, despite the full range of data provided, the problem associated with the study of injuries received on kick-scooters, electric scooters, electric unicycles, electric hover boards, skateboards, roller skates and similar devices is little studied. This type of vehicle was first introduced in November 2017 and become quite common today. The main task of this type of vehicle is to facilitate travel in large cities. Despite the ease and accessibility of operation, this type of transport is quite fast and can pose a danger to drivers and other road users. Therefore, forensic experts received new challenges today related to the study of the complex of injuries in drivers and pedestrians resulting from the operation of electric scooters, the mechanism of their formation, the study of signs of characteristic injuries to the driver and pedestrians’ data. However, despite all the work done, its results in most cases are statistical in nature and do not provide a comprehensive picture of the mechanism of injury and forensic-medical evaluation of the consequences of injury. There is also an open question related to the study of the characteristic’s injuries of drivers and pedestrians, the establishment of differential traumatic criteria specific to the driver and pedestrians. There is also an open question related to the study of the feature of injuries and establishment of differential traumatic criteria specific to drivers and pedestrians. Despite the availability of literature on this issue, the rapid spread of personal mobility devices on the roads, as well as the increasing number of related injuries, initiates the arising of new expert tasks that arise during forensic-medical examinations of this injury and outlines new prospects for studying this problem in the context of forensic medicine.
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