PREVALENCE OF BURNOUT SYNDROME AMONG MEDICAL PROFESSIONALS IN UKRAINE FROM 2018 TO 2022
The article examines issues related to the prevalence of burnout syndrome among medical professionals in Ukraine from 2018 to 2022. For this purpose, a number of scientific sources related to the subject of the study were analyzed.
It should be mentioned that in the conditions of modern society there are increased requirements for the qualification of specialists (medical professionals), their productivity and the quality of providing medical care. This may affect the professional competence of the specialists, his/her physical/mental health and stress resistance to the formation of negative states caused by the nature of the job, for example, such as burnout syndrome.
Burnout syndrome is one of the most urgent problems in the world. In recent decades, scientists from various countries have been actively researching this phenomenon. The issues concerning the prevalence of burnout syndrome among medical professionals in Ukraine from 2018 to 2022 have not been sufficiently clarified and require more detailed research.
Based on the conducted research, it is possible to reach the following conclusions: preserving the life and health of any person, in particular, a medical professional (including the family doctor), who provides high-quality, qualified, timely medical/rehabilitation assistance to the sick person is an extremely important task of the state. Taking into account the above-mentioned thesis it should be noted that of great importance is the prevention of burnout syndrome as burnout may occur as a possible complication due to the performance of the professional duties by medical professionals. Medical professionals with specialization in "General Practice – Family Medicine", "Therapy" (Internal Medicine), "Pediatrics", "Emergency Medicine", "Psychiatry", "Neurology", and "Surgery" are special categories of specialists who have a high risk of developing burnout syndrome due to the specific of their work. These professional categories spend a significant amount of time in close contact with patients. Burnout syndrome can be manifested by emotional exhaustion, dissatisfaction with oneself, feeling of experiencing psychotraumatic circumstances, inadequate selective emotional response, reduction of professional duties, expansion of the sphere of emotions economy, emotional and/or personal detachment, as well as psychosomatic and psychovegetative disorders, a feeling of lack of energy, a desire to be alone, exhaustion, disappointment in professional activity, being on the edge of one’s opportunities, insensitivity to the patients' needs and their objectification, as well as by the loss of interest, indifference to job, physical and emotional fatigue, increased irritability regarding minor events, dizziness, rapid fatigue, headache, etc. Moreover, factors associated with burnout syndrome among Ukrainian medical professionals were analyzed, including those that were studied during the COVID-19 pandemic and factors of the combat environment, which could have the greatest influence on the development and progression of burnout syndrome. The preventive measures for burnout syndrome among medical professionals were examined. The study conducted to find out the prevalence of burnout syndrome among medical professionals in Ukraine from 2018 to 2022 revealed the presence of burnout syndrome or its symptoms among medical professionals (physicians, nurses) ranging from 1.27±0.89% to 94%.
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