UKRAINIAN YOUTH LIFESTYLE PECULIARITIES WITH THE EYES OF A TEENAGER AND HIS MOTHER

  • R. Z. Han Ivano-Frankivsk National medical university, propaedeutics of pediatrics department, Ivano-Frankivsk, Ukraine https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7601-3065
  • N. E. Gorban SI «Institute of Pediatrics, Obstetrics and Gynecology named after Academician O.M. Lukyanova of the National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine», department of medical and psychosocial family health problems, Kyiv, Ukraine https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8175-6579
  • L. M. Slobodchenko SI «Institute of Pediatrics, Obstetrics and Gynecology named after Academician O.M. Lukyanova of the National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine», department of medical and psychosocial family health problems, Kyiv, Ukraine https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6526-4942
Ключові слова: adolescents, lifestyle, health, mothers

Анотація

The most important criterion for assessing the well-being of society, a factor in the national security of the country is the health of the younger generation. The state of health of adolescents is largely determined by the level of valeological education in the family. After all, the family develops the skills of a healthy lifestyle, universal spiritual values, and norms of social life. The main task today, on the one hand, is to study and identify the factors of individual and family health and social risk, and on the other hand - to optimize the early diagnosis and prevention of health disorders in children. The formation of skills for a healthy lifestyle of adolescents is crucial for the spiritual and physical development of the younger generation, its formation as a social personality. The paper examines the problems of forming a healthy lifestyle of Ukrainian adolescents aged 15-18, whose socialization takes place in the information society, which is implemented by processing 1,075 sets of questionnaires ("Questionnaire of adolescents 15-18 years" and "Questionnaire of mothers of adolescents 15-18 years"), in the analysis of which only informative answers were taken into account. Information base - the international program ELSPAC - (European Longitudinal Study of Parenthood and Childhood - European long-term monitoring of parenthood and childhood), its Ukrainian fragment "Family and Children of Ukraine".

It was found that the main source of information for adolescents is a computer with the Internet and television (71.3 and 66.4% of respondents, respectively). The results of the survey of adolescents on the place of work at the computer showed that for the most part - 79.2% of respondents work at home, a third at school - 37.2% and 17.2% of adolescents - in the computer club (17.2%). The maximum number of answers confirms that both on weekdays and weekends the duration of work on the computer is from 1 to 6 hours with a maximum value of 2 hours for working days (23.6%) and 4 hours - on weekends and holidays (15.7%)). Information on the negative impact on the human body of long-term computer use is known to the vast majority of respondents - 95.8% of adolescents. The majority of respondents for offline communication prefer peers, some loyal friends (63.4 and 60.7%, respectively), only 45.2 and 40.4% of adolescents like to communicate with their parents and beloved person, respectively. An analysis of literary preferences found that one in four to five teenagers enjoyed reading school literature, comics, humor and science fiction, short stories and novels, encyclopedias and dictionaries.

The results of the survey of mothers of adolescents on the assessment of the daily routine and daily activity of their children prove insufficient physical activity; only 35.7% of adolescents go in for sports in their free time. Home help is most often provided by a teenager making his bed (70.8% of cases), cleaning his room and going to the store (55.6 and 51.1%, respectively). Survey of mothers on the living conditions of their children's sleep showed that the vast majority of them sleep in a separate room (70.0% of adolescents), in a room with other children - 15.3% of respondents, with parents - 9.0% of children in the room with other adults - 2.9% of adolescents. But 3.3% of children do not have a single bed.

Summing up the results of the responses of Ukrainian adolescents and their mothers, it is possible to say that in our society, due attention is not paid to the employment of adolescents. Thus, improving the quality of life of adolescents can be achieved by choosing the optimal preventive effect on them, taking into account the individual characteristics of psychological and physical status.

Опубліковано
2021-12-30
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