• А. В. Kostyshyn Ivano-Frankivsk National Medical University, Department of Orthopedic Dentistry, Ivano-Frankivsk, Ukraine https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5500-0874
Ключові слова: improvements, provisional bridge-based prostheses.


The relevance of the topic is related to the need to improve methods of preparation of dentitions for orthopedic treatment, taking into account the defects of dentitions in patients with reduced occlusion height, taking into account the condition of the masticatory muscles and temporary use of plastic dentures, which provide gradual lifting of occlusion to normalize the masticatory group muscles and reorganization of myostatic reflexes.

The aim of the research. Improving the effectiveness of preparation for orthopedic treatment of patients with partial tooth loss, with reduced occlusion height, by improving the design of a temporary bridge-based prosthesis.

Materials and methods of research. We examined, treated and conducted clinical observation of 93 patients, who were divided into three groups according to the height of the reduction in occlusion, to achieve this goal and solve problems during the dissertation. Group 1 consisted of 32 patients with included dentition defects with reduced occlusion height up to 2 mm (n=32), group 2 - patients with included dentition defects with reduced occlusion height up to 2-4 mm (n=31), group 3 - these are patients with included dentition defects with reduced occlusion height up to 4-6 mm (n=30). All patients of the main groups belonged to the second and third age groups according to the WHO, aged 35-55 years. The control group (n=30) are young people who belonged to the 1st age group according to the WHO with intact dentition, without concomitant somatic and dental pathology, were admitted in one visit. Also, 123 fiberglass-reinforced plastic prostheses were made.

Research results. When drawing up a plan for orthopedic treatment of patients with reduced occlusion height, we took into account possible complications, which are characterized by chipping of the facing material, pathological changes in the temporomandibular joint and masticatory muscle group. We have improved the method of manufacturing non-removable temporary plastic orthopedic constructions by reinforcing with fiberglass tapes and beams, to prevent them and gradually raise the bite.

Expanded data on the dynamics of changes in myostatic reflexes and the effectiveness of the use of fixed orthopedic constructions, depending on the pathological process, the timing of adaptation of the masticatory muscle group to orthopedic constructions, according to the degree of reduction in occlusion height. The absence of complaints of breakage and other technical defects of the proposed temporary orthopedic constructions in 100% of cases, successfully allows to use it in the clinic of orthopedic dentistry.

A new method of preparing patients for permanent orthopedic treatment by combined reinforcement of temporary non-removable bridge constructions with fiberglass tapes and beams is proposed, which differ in that after preliminary modeling of the frame of the bridge constructions, the technology of double reinforcement, model two support platforms with a step-like transition between them, in which fiberglass tapes and beams are fitted with dental tweezers, after which they are polymerized by the generally accepted method with a photopolymer lamp. Complete the modeling of the constructions and polymerize the prosthesis in the pneumopolymerizer with subsequent grinding and polymerize the prosthesis.

Conclusion. The results of the research revealed the high efficiency of the improved method of manufacturing non-removable makeshift plastic of orthopedic constructions.

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